Betty Francisco & Paul Francisco

CEO, Boston Impact Initiative, Entrepreneur & Angel Investor with Pipeline Angels. Cofounder of Amplify Latinx. | Senior Vice President- Chief Diversity Officer at State Street

Reflections on ABL and UMass Delegation in Denmark

Earlier this month, we had the incredible opportunity to join 30 Massachusetts business and civic leaders for the Alliance for Business Leadership (ABL) delegation to Denmark to explore the country’s green transition and world-leading offshore wind industry. The #ABLinDenmark trip, which had been three years in the making, was anchored by UMass Boston researchers and funded by the Barr Foundation. This masterfully curated learning journey gave us a deep dive into how Denmark and its people have shaped a collective goal to become independent from fossil fuels, a goal accelerated by the need for energy security and addressing the climate crisis.

Over the span of six days, we got to explore the quaint, walkable neighborhoods of Copenhagen which have more bikes than cars. We visited Nordhavnen which aims to be the first carbon neutral city, and CopenHill, the cleanest waste-to-energy plant in the world, featuring a ski slope on its roof and one of the tallest artificial climbing walls in the world. We spent time visiting the Port of Esbjerg, the leading port harnessing wind power development on the continent; we toured the Middelgrunden Offshore Wind Farm, the world’s largest offshore wind farm when it was opened in 2001, and got to stand on the base of a wind turbine; we learned about Samsø Energy Island which transitioned to 100% energy self-sufficiency using wind, solar, and biomass energy, showing that getting to net zero is possible. 

We learned about the wide range of clean technologies in Denmark, including offshore and onshore wind, solar, biomass and energy-from-waste, and other energy assets like Power-to-X. We also learned about Denmark’s climate policies, investments, job targets, and partnerships from the State of Green, Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners, Realdania, and the Office of the US Ambassador to Denmark. Denmark’s social democracy, which has a commitment to long-term policy solutions and social benefits like free education and healthcare for families and workers, give it a competitive edge. No wonder Denmark is deemed the happiest country in the world. 

This knowledge sharing provided great insights and ideas for how Massachusetts can adopt some of the best practices from Denmark’s green transition. Before leaving Copenhagen, the ABL team and the delegation debriefed what we learned and next steps. In Axios style, I’ve outlined my three key takeaways. The trip was an unforgettable gift of learning and connection, a profound call to action for me and my colleagues to accelerate the green transition in MA as part of an inclusive economic recovery and future.

1. Community Ownership Can Power an Inclusive Green Transition 

Big Idea: What if you could own a share of the wind farms coming to the Massachusetts coast, and benefit from the electricity and revenues they generate? Community ownership can drive Massachusetts’ clean transition, allowing low-moderate income communities and people of color to build wealth, create good career-building jobs, and accelerate the transition to a green economy.  

Why It Matters: Locally owned community wind projects create economic opportunity for multiple community stakeholders who benefit from jobs, lower energy costs, and participation in the project revenues. Direct community ownership of wind projects also allows for distributed decision-making, community support, and increased collaboration. 

Go Deeper: In Denmark, approximately 80% of all wind turbines are either individually or cooperatively owned, rather than commercially owned.

  • Denmark’s earliest offshore wind farms were financed using cooperative ownership models that allowed local residents to invest, make decisions and get a financial return. 
  • Built in 2000, the Middelgrunden off-shore wind farm outside of Copenhagen was the world’s largest wind farm, with 50% owned by 10,000 local residents in the cooperative, who now make a 7-11 percent return on their investments.
  • Samsø Energy Island which is now carbon neutral, boasted 100% local ownership of the renewable energy investments which led to significant benefits for the island community and economy, including new jobs and local growth.
  • Recognizing the impact of energy cooperatives: in 2011, the Danish government passed a law requiring new wind farms be at least 20% community-owned.

What’s Next: Investments in wind-energy projects in the United States are getting so large and capital intensive that they are largely funded by commercial developers and investment funds with limited local ties. Policies and government incentives will be necessary to encourage commercial developers to incorporate community ownership and public-private investment models, where environmental justice communities in MA can benefit the most. 

2. Three Ps of the Green Transition: Policies, Partnerships, and Place

Big Picture: Denmark aims to be the world leader in the clean energy transition, committed to achieving 70% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and getting to net-zero by 2050, while also achieving sustainable growth and job creation. 

  • Effective public-private partnerships have allowed shifting Danish government administrations to enact policies and programs with the support of business and industry, ensuring successful implementation and the broader buy-in by the Danish people.

Why it Matters: Building an inclusive renewable energy sector requires stability in energy policy, a high level of participation from public and private players, and investment in innovative technologies that center people and community. 

Zoom Out: Offshore wind will be the dominant source of clean energy for the MA and New England grid by 2050, thus the race to bring technologies, know-how, and talent to our region is fierce. 

Zoom In: Massachusetts has the potential to generate the most offshore wind power of any state in New England, allowing us to serve the Bay State’s electricity demand, and supply other New England states.

  • Offshore wind developers who invest in local communities and businesses where their projects are located will have the competitive advantage. 
  • Innovation and small business growth is also dependent on how we develop our clean energy talent base.

What’s Next: MA needs to pass the Offshore Wind and Clean Energy bill (H.4524 / S.2842.) which shapes our policies, partnerships, and investments in offshore wind energy development.

  • The bill supports investments in wind industry workforce development, transmission infrastructure, strengthens wildlife protection, invests in energy storage, modernizes our grid, and prioritizes social equity in wind development. 
  • Community leaders, workers, and local advocates will need to have their voices invited to the table to shape legislation that prioritizes equity, justice, economic inclusion, and ownership for our most under-served communities. 

3. It’s All About the Jobs 

Greening the Workforce: Huge investments and commitments to jobs and economic development are being made by Mayflower Wind and Vineyard Wind, the two offshore wind developers coming to Cape Cod.

Why It Matters: Successful development of MA’s offshore wind sector requires a well-trained, local clean energy workforce that reflects the Commonwealth’s diverse communities. 

State of Play: Clean energy jobs represent about 3% of the Massachusetts workforce and the industry accounts for more than $13.7 billion in gross revenue according to the MassCEC. 

  • A follow-up MassCEC Study on Offshore Wind Workforce Training & Development identified the requirements and opportunities for the emerging offshore wind workforce, showing that construction, maintenance/repair, engineering, and manufacturing occupations have the largest gaps.
  • MA has strong training programs but deeper investment will be needed to prioritize talent development and new business formation in our most marginalized communities.

What’s Next: Our talent development strategy to support the offshore wind and renewable energy sector in MA can be a game changer in closing the racial wealth divide. This is a unique opportunity to create career-building roles, union jobs and  long-term, transferable employment opportunities between offshore wind and other industries for Black and Brown residents in MA. We need all hands on deck – including diverse voices and community organizations closest to our workers – to be part of shaping programming, allocating investments and reaching out to our most overlooked talent.

Follow us on Twitter at #ABLinDenmark

Makeeba McCreary

President, New Commonwealth Racial Equity and Social Justice Fund

What a simply amazing experience I had with #ABLinDenmark last week. Not only did I get to spend time with phenomenal leaders from Boston but was afforded the privilege of deep learning about the critical importance of climate justice and our ability to catch up here in MA on getting to a zero carbon footprint. Within 6 intense (and superbly designed!) days we visited the Port of Esbjerg where a full city of industry has been built to support the expansion of wind farms across the country. We had presentations from “State of Green”, a briefing from the U.S Ambassador, a boat visit to Middelgrunden Offshore Wind Farm and a tour of Copenhill for skiing and trash recycling all-in-one mountain! So many other fantastic moments including the Reffen Street Food Market, a visit to the Village of Ribe, a virtual tour of Samso Energy Island (totally energy self-sufficient) and of course- dinner and fun at Tivoli Gardens where Walt got his inspiration for Disney! Thank you to the Barr Foundation for making the trip possible.

Now we are back in MA and the question is what next? I encourage everyone to read the article linked below from the BBJ “Windfall: Offshore wind developers are pledging millions in local investments”. 

We learned in Copenhagen from our Danish friends and from our local colleagues, is that Massachusetts is proactively planning long-term clean energy goals, including multiple pathways to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 — all of them including at least 15 gigawatts of electricity from offshore wind. Already planted in the cape, next up for wind farm locations are New Bedford and Salem. Thousands of jobs are coming to make sure our wind can turn into clean energy – saving MA from a slow burn and ensuring our generations to come have a chance at living in a city and state where we are safe from harmful carbon emissions. And who will get us there? What are the types of job that will emerge and who will be in them? 

MayflowerWind says their investment will consider upwards of $2.5 million to ensure diversity and inclusion goals are met and joining them are Vineyard Wind and Commonwealth Wind, the state’s other upcoming offshore wind projects “committing tens of millions of dollars” to ensure our Black and Brown residents are first in line for these roles. 

My 6 days in Copenhagen, Denmark will stay with me for a lifetime but the urgency of making sure we have instructional supports in place to require the commitment to racial equity is truly represented in the thousands of jobs coming on line, is my most present focus. Join me and my travel-mates from the #ABLDenmark delegation as we work together with the wind industry to make this come true.

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Betty Francisco

CEO, Boston Impact Initiative & Angel Investor with Pipeline Angels

Betty and Paul Francisco

Day 1 in #copenhagen with @abl_impact and @umassboston to learn about Denmark’s approach to creating a greener and more resilient economy. We had a terrific sustainable bike tour with ten neighborhood stops that gave us a flavor of how Copenhagen has moved to a biking 🚴‍♀️ city that centers people, green space, play and affordable housing.

Jen Gorke

Senior Director at Travaglini, Scorzoni, & Kiley LLC

Christian Scorzoni, Jen Benson, Jen Gorke, Jeff Roy

Reflecting on a truly amazing experience touring Denmark last week with some of the Commonwealth’s leading business and community leaders, policymakers and academics. Thank you to The Alliance for Business Leadership, the Barr Foundation, and UMass Boston for organizing such an interesting, productive and fun tour of Denmark’s green transition. I look forward to combining what I learned about Denmark’s climate innovation, planning creativity and use of public-private partnerships with the relationships I built this past week to work toward inclusive climate action in the Commonwealth!

Highlights of the trip for me included: 

  • Port Esbjerg: Once a leading port of fishing and oil and gas, the Port today reflects the results of a green transition, handling more shipping for the offshore wind industry than other port in Europe.
  • Samso Island: This island municipality has completely transformed its energy system from fossil fuels to renewable energy, becoming the world’s first renewable energy island. Samso is carbon negative and boasts 100% ownership of renewable energy investments. They have ushered in this transition while putting the community at the center of thinking and planning about this green transition. 
  • Middelgrunden Wind Farm: The world’s largest offshore wind farm when it opened in 2001, the farm consists of 20 turbines equally shared by its developers and a private cooperative partnership. 
  • Nordhavn: This harbor area, formerly an industrial shipyard, is on track to support Copenhagen’s vision to become the first carbon neutral city. Development in Nordhavn is focused on design and planning that supports complex urban life, business, and areas that promote rest and recreation.
  • Coppenhill: The cleanest waste-to-energy plant in the world, Copenhill is an incredible example of creativity and multi-purpose design with tree-lined hiking trails up the building, a ski slope on its roof and a climbing wall on its facade.